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Secure Shell ssh
Secure shell is the exclusive way to get into the secure environment of the HWW machines. Commands like telnet, ftp as well as the r-cmds are NOT allowed and therefore are rejected by the firewall.
Access to HWW platforms via ssh will definitely be restricted to ssh V2 ONLY!!
On HWW platforms the ssh software is installed. The user is responsible for installation of ssh on his platform.
The source of OpenSSH is available from
- HOME page of OpenSSH Alternatives for other platforms like MS Windows can also be found on this site.
For details on the licensing see the external link HOME page of OpenSSH
For details on the licensing see the copyright notice. Please read first the files README and INSTALL.
How to install ssh is described in the file INSTALL, there you'll also find a list of already tested platforms. To avoid any problems, especially in the security area, you should at least install ssh version 5.1 or later. The commands described at the beginning
./configure --disable-suid-ssh (Install ssh without suid bit) make make install
are sufficient in most cases.
If you cannot use the ssh-client without suid-root bit for any reason, you will have to use the -P option with the ssh command and the -L option with the scp command to access HWW platforms.
Tips and hints
if you can't get a connection
this may have 3 causes:
- Your workstation is not known by the firewall. Please call Mr. D. Raith (685-87224) or Mr. Rolf A. Supper (685-87225)
- The HWW platform, you're trying to connect to, is currently not running. Please check the appropriate [[ http://www.hlrs.de/systems/platforms/status/ status]] page for your platform.
- Your ssh client is setuid root. Please remove setuid root bit or use -P (for ssh) resp. -L option (for scp).
If you encounter any problems while connecting with ssh, please use -v option to get more detailed messages from ssh.
Filetransfer without password (scp) using Protocol version 2
Login via ssh resp. Filetransfer via scp is also possible without having to enter a password. Authentification is done via a public/private key pair. The following steps have to be accomplished:
(system1 is the machine from which you logon to the target system system2)
System1 > ssh-keygen -d Generating public/private dsa key pair. Enter file in which to save the key ($HOME/.ssh/id_dsa): <RETURN> Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): <RETURN> Enter same passphrase again: <RETURN> Your identification has been saved in $HOME/.ssh/id_dsa. Your public key has been saved in $HOME/.ssh/id_dsa.pub. The key fingerprint is: 2f:5c:18:e7:g0:3b:fb:52:g3:22:1d:3d:a4:cf:b1:57 $LOGNAME@$HOSTNAME
System1 > cd $HOME/.ssh System1 > scp id_dsa.pub System2:sys1.pub System1 > chmod 700 $HOME/.ssh
System2 > cd $HOME/.ssh System2 > cat $HOME/sys1.pub >> authorized_keys2 System2 > chmod 700 $HOME/.ssh
The key generation with ssh-keygen has only to be done once. The public key in the file $HOME/.ssh/identity.pub can be used for as many systems as needed.
Further information regarding ssh can be found at external link http://www.cs.hut.fi/ssh/ or at external link DATA FELLOWS - F-Secure SSH A good alternative for Windows platforms is external link putty
ssh-x509 Certificate based ssh access
This access method is currently implemented for testing and evaluation purposes.